java command line options

java -showversion -help
java version "1.8.0_66"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_66-b17)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.66-b17, mixed mode)
Usage: java [-options] class [args...]
(to execute a class)
or java [-options] -jar jarfile [args...]
(to execute a jar file)
where options include:
-d32 use a 32-bit data model if available
-d64 use a 64-bit data model if available
-server to select the "server" VM
The default VM is server,
because you are running on a server-class machine.
-cp <class search path of directories and zip/jar files>
-classpath <class search path of directories and zip/jar files>
A : separated list of directories, JAR archives,
and ZIP archives to search for class files.
-D<name>=<value>
set a system property
-verbose:[class|gc|jni]
enable verbose output
-version print product version and exit
-version:<value>
Warning: this feature is deprecated and will be removed
in a future release.
require the specified version to run
-showversion print product version and continue
-jre-restrict-search | -no-jre-restrict-search
Warning: this feature is deprecated and will be removed
in a future release.
include/exclude user private JREs in the version search
-? -help print this help message
-X print help on non-standard options
-ea[:<packagename>...|:<classname>]
-enableassertions[:<packagename>...|:<classname>]
enable assertions with specified granularity
-da[:<packagename>...|:<classname>]
-disableassertions[:<packagename>...|:<classname>]
disable assertions with specified granularity
-esa | -enablesystemassertions
enable system assertions
-dsa | -disablesystemassertions
disable system assertions
-agentlib:<libname>[=<options>]
load native agent library <libname>, e.g. -agentlib:hprof
see also, -agentlib:jdwp=help and -agentlib:hprof=help
-agentpath:<pathname>[=<options>]
load native agent library by full pathname
-javaagent:<jarpath>[=<options>]
load Java programming language agent, see java.lang.instrument
-splash:<imagepath>
show splash screen with specified image
See http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/documentation/index.html for more details.

常用命令行部分选项说明

  1. -cp-classpath:目录和压缩的或.jar文件通过:(在Windows上通过;)来分隔。设置应用程序类和资源的搜索路径。如果不使用-classpath-cp,也不设置CLASSPATH环境变量,那么缺省情况下,用户类路径是当前目录.
  2. -help-?:打印使用消息。
  3. -fullversion:印出JVM的构建和版本信息。
  4. -showversion:打印产品版本并继续。
  5. -verbose:<option>[,<option>...]:启用详细输出。使用逗号分隔多个选项。可用选项为:
    1. class:为装入的每个类的stderr写入一个条目。
    2. gc:提供详细的垃圾回收信息。
    3. jni:向stderr写入信息,描述应用程序和JVM所调用的JNI服务。
  6. -version:印出JVM的完全构建和版本信息。
java -showversion -X
java version "1.8.0_66"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_66-b17)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.66-b17, mixed mode)
-Xmixed mixed mode execution (default)
-Xint interpreted mode execution only
-Xbootclasspath:<directories and zip/jar files separated by :>
set search path for bootstrap classes and resources
-Xbootclasspath/a:<directories and zip/jar files separated by :>
append to end of bootstrap class path
-Xbootclasspath/p:<directories and zip/jar files separated by :>
prepend in front of bootstrap class path
-Xdiag show additional diagnostic messages
-Xnoclassgc disable class garbage collection
-Xincgc enable incremental garbage collection
-Xloggc:<file> log GC status to a file with time stamps
-Xbatch disable background compilation
-Xms<size> set initial Java heap size
-Xmx<size> set maximum Java heap size
-Xss<size> set java thread stack size
-Xprof output cpu profiling data
-Xfuture enable strictest checks, anticipating future default
-Xrs reduce use of OS signals by Java/VM (see documentation)
-Xcheck:jni perform additional checks for JNI functions
-Xshare:off do not attempt to use shared class data
-Xshare:auto use shared class data if possible (default)
-Xshare:on require using shared class data, otherwise fail.
-XshowSettings show all settings and continue
-XshowSettings:all
show all settings and continue
-XshowSettings:vm show all vm related settings and continue
-XshowSettings:properties
show all property settings and continue
-XshowSettings:locale
show all locale related settings and continue
The -X options are non-standard and subject to change without notice.
The following options are Mac OS X specific:
-XstartOnFirstThread
run the main() method on the first (AppKit) thread
-Xdock:name=<application name>"
override default application name displayed in dock
-Xdock:icon=<path to icon file>
override default icon displayed in dock
java -XX:+PrintFlagsFinal -version

输出如下700多个可设置参数及相应的值,表格的每一行包括五列,来表示一个XX参数。第一列表示参数的数据类型,第二列是名称,第四列为值,第五列是参数的类别。第三列=表示第四列是参数的默认值,而:=表明了参数被用户或者JVM赋值了。

可以设置的参数默认是不包括diagnosticexperimental系的。要在-XX:+PrintFlagsFinal的输出里看到这两种参数的信息,分别需要显式指定-XX:+UnlockDiagnosticVMOptions-XX:+UnlockExperimentalVMOptions

如果我们只想看下所有XX参数的默认值,可以使用-XX:+PrintFlagsInitial,只是展示了第三列为=的数据(也包括那些被设置其他值的参数)。

[Global flags]
uintx AdaptiveSizeDecrementScaleFactor = 4 {product}
uintx AdaptiveSizeMajorGCDecayTimeScale = 10 {product}
uintx AdaptiveSizePausePolicy = 0 {product}
uintx AdaptiveSizePolicyCollectionCostMargin = 50 {product}
uintx AdaptiveSizePolicyInitializingSteps = 20 {product}
uintx AdaptiveSizePolicyOutputInterval = 0 {product}
uintx AdaptiveSizePolicyWeight = 10 {product}
uintx AdaptiveSizeThroughPutPolicy = 0 {product}
uintx AdaptiveTimeWeight = 25 {product}
bool AdjustConcurrency = false {product}
bool AggressiveOpts = false {product}
intx AliasLevel = 3 {C2 product}
bool AlignVector = false {C2 product}
intx AllocateInstancePrefetchLines = 1 {product}
intx AllocatePrefetchDistance = 192 {product}
intx AllocatePrefetchInstr = 0 {product}
intx AllocatePrefetchLines = 4 {product}
intx AllocatePrefetchStepSize = 64 {product}
intx AllocatePrefetchStyle = 1 {product}
bool AllowJNIEnvProxy = false {product}
bool AllowNonVirtualCalls = false {product}
bool AllowParallelDefineClass = false {product}
bool AllowUserSignalHandlers = false {product}
bool AlwaysActAsServerClassMachine = false {product}
bool AlwaysCompileLoopMethods = false {product}
bool AlwaysLockClassLoader = false {product}
bool AlwaysPreTouch = false {product}
bool AlwaysRestoreFPU = false {product}
bool AlwaysTenure = false {product}
bool AssertOnSuspendWaitFailure = false {product}
bool AssumeMP = false {product}
intx AutoBoxCacheMax = 128 {C2 product}
uintx AutoGCSelectPauseMillis = 5000 {product}
intx BCEATraceLevel = 0 {product}
intx BackEdgeThreshold = 100000 {pd product}
bool BackgroundCompilation = true {pd product}
uintx BaseFootPrintEstimate = 268435456 {product}
intx BiasedLockingBulkRebiasThreshold = 20 {product}
intx BiasedLockingBulkRevokeThreshold = 40 {product}
intx BiasedLockingDecayTime = 25000 {product}
intx BiasedLockingStartupDelay = 4000 {product}
bool BindGCTaskThreadsToCPUs = false {product}
bool BlockLayoutByFrequency = true {C2 product}
intx BlockLayoutMinDiamondPercentage = 20 {C2 product}
bool BlockLayoutRotateLoops = true {C2 product}
bool BranchOnRegister = false {C2 product}
bool BytecodeVerificationLocal = false {product}
bool BytecodeVerificationRemote = true {product}
bool C1OptimizeVirtualCallProfiling = true {C1 product}
bool C1ProfileBranches = true {C1 product}
bool C1ProfileCalls = true {C1 product}
bool C1ProfileCheckcasts = true {C1 product}
bool C1ProfileInlinedCalls = true {C1 product}
bool C1ProfileVirtualCalls = true {C1 product}
bool C1UpdateMethodData = true {C1 product}
intx CICompilerCount := 3 {product}
bool CICompilerCountPerCPU = true {product}
bool CITime = false {product}
bool CMSAbortSemantics = false {product}
uintx CMSAbortablePrecleanMinWorkPerIteration = 100 {product}
intx CMSAbortablePrecleanWaitMillis = 100 {manageable}
uintx CMSBitMapYieldQuantum = 10485760 {product}
uintx CMSBootstrapOccupancy = 50 {product}
bool CMSClassUnloadingEnabled = true {product}
uintx CMSClassUnloadingMaxInterval = 0 {product}
bool CMSCleanOnEnter = true {product}
bool CMSCompactWhenClearAllSoftRefs = true {product}
uintx CMSConcMarkMultiple = 32 {product}
bool CMSConcurrentMTEnabled = true {product}
uintx CMSCoordinatorYieldSleepCount = 10 {product}
bool CMSDumpAtPromotionFailure = false {product}
bool CMSEdenChunksRecordAlways = true {product}
uintx CMSExpAvgFactor = 50 {product}
bool CMSExtrapolateSweep = false {product}
uintx CMSFullGCsBeforeCompaction = 0 {product}
uintx CMSIncrementalDutyCycle = 10 {product}
uintx CMSIncrementalDutyCycleMin = 0 {product}
bool CMSIncrementalMode = false {product}
uintx CMSIncrementalOffset = 0 {product}
bool CMSIncrementalPacing = true {product}
uintx CMSIncrementalSafetyFactor = 10 {product}
uintx CMSIndexedFreeListReplenish = 4 {product}
intx CMSInitiatingOccupancyFraction = -1 {product}
uintx CMSIsTooFullPercentage = 98 {product}
double CMSLargeCoalSurplusPercent = 0.950000 {product}
double CMSLargeSplitSurplusPercent = 1.000000 {product}
bool CMSLoopWarn = false {product}
uintx CMSMaxAbortablePrecleanLoops = 0 {product}
intx CMSMaxAbortablePrecleanTime = 5000 {product}
uintx CMSOldPLABMax = 1024 {product}
uintx CMSOldPLABMin = 16 {product}
uintx CMSOldPLABNumRefills = 4 {product}
uintx CMSOldPLABReactivityFactor = 2 {product}
bool CMSOldPLABResizeQuicker = false {product}
uintx CMSOldPLABToleranceFactor = 4 {product}
bool CMSPLABRecordAlways = true {product}
uintx CMSParPromoteBlocksToClaim = 16 {product}
bool CMSParallelInitialMarkEnabled = true {product}
bool CMSParallelRemarkEnabled = true {product}
bool CMSParallelSurvivorRemarkEnabled = true {product}
uintx CMSPrecleanDenominator = 3 {product}
uintx CMSPrecleanIter = 3 {product}
uintx CMSPrecleanNumerator = 2 {product}
bool CMSPrecleanRefLists1 = true {product}
bool CMSPrecleanRefLists2 = false {product}
bool CMSPrecleanSurvivors1 = false {product}
bool CMSPrecleanSurvivors2 = true {product}
uintx CMSPrecleanThreshold = 1000 {product}
bool CMSPrecleaningEnabled = true {product}
bool CMSPrintChunksInDump = false {product}
bool CMSPrintEdenSurvivorChunks = false {product}
bool CMSPrintObjectsInDump = false {product}
uintx CMSRemarkVerifyVariant = 1 {product}
bool CMSReplenishIntermediate = true {product}
uintx CMSRescanMultiple = 32 {product}
uintx CMSSamplingGrain = 16384 {product}
bool CMSScavengeBeforeRemark = false {product}
uintx CMSScheduleRemarkEdenPenetration = 50 {product}
uintx CMSScheduleRemarkEdenSizeThreshold = 2097152 {product}
uintx CMSScheduleRemarkSamplingRatio = 5 {product}
double CMSSmallCoalSurplusPercent = 1.050000 {product}
double CMSSmallSplitSurplusPercent = 1.100000 {product}
bool CMSSplitIndexedFreeListBlocks = true {product}
intx CMSTriggerInterval = -1 {manageable}
uintx CMSTriggerRatio = 80 {product}
intx CMSWaitDuration = 2000 {manageable}
uintx CMSWorkQueueDrainThreshold = 10 {product}
bool CMSYield = true {product}
uintx CMSYieldSleepCount = 0 {product}
uintx CMSYoungGenPerWorker = 67108864 {pd product}
uintx CMS_FLSPadding = 1 {product}
uintx CMS_FLSWeight = 75 {product}
uintx CMS_SweepPadding = 1 {product}
uintx CMS_SweepTimerThresholdMillis = 10 {product}
uintx CMS_SweepWeight = 75 {product}
bool CheckEndorsedAndExtDirs = false {product}
bool CheckJNICalls = false {product}
bool ClassUnloading = true {product}
bool ClassUnloadingWithConcurrentMark = true {product}
intx ClearFPUAtPark = 0 {product}
bool ClipInlining = true {product}
uintx CodeCacheExpansionSize = 65536 {pd product}
uintx CodeCacheMinimumFreeSpace = 512000 {product}
bool CollectGen0First = false {product}
bool CompactFields = true {product}
intx CompilationPolicyChoice = 3 {product}
ccstrlist CompileCommand = {product}
ccstr CompileCommandFile = {product}
ccstrlist CompileOnly = {product}
intx CompileThreshold = 10000 {pd product}
bool CompilerThreadHintNoPreempt = true {product}
intx CompilerThreadPriority = -1 {product}
intx CompilerThreadStackSize = 0 {pd product}
uintx CompressedClassSpaceSize = 1073741824 {product}
uintx ConcGCThreads = 0 {product}
intx ConditionalMoveLimit = 3 {C2 pd product}
intx ContendedPaddingWidth = 128 {product}
bool ConvertSleepToYield = true {pd product}
bool ConvertYieldToSleep = false {product}
bool CreateMinidumpOnCrash = false {product}
bool CriticalJNINatives = true {product}
bool DTraceAllocProbes = false {product}
bool DTraceMethodProbes = false {product}
bool DTraceMonitorProbes = false {product}
bool Debugging = false {product}
uintx DefaultMaxRAMFraction = 4 {product}
intx DefaultThreadPriority = -1 {product}
intx DeferPollingPageLoopCount = -1 {product}
intx DeferThrSuspendLoopCount = 4000 {product}
bool DeoptimizeRandom = false {product}
bool DisableAttachMechanism = false {product}
bool DisableExplicitGC = false {product}
bool DisplayVMOutputToStderr = false {product}
bool DisplayVMOutputToStdout = false {product}
bool DoEscapeAnalysis = true {C2 product}
bool DontCompileHugeMethods = true {product}
bool DontYieldALot = false {pd product}
ccstr DumpLoadedClassList = {product}
bool DumpReplayDataOnError = true {product}
bool DumpSharedSpaces = false {product}
bool EagerXrunInit = false {product}
intx EliminateAllocationArraySizeLimit = 64 {C2 product}
bool EliminateAllocations = true {C2 product}
bool EliminateAutoBox = true {C2 product}
bool EliminateLocks = true {C2 product}
bool EliminateNestedLocks = true {C2 product}
intx EmitSync = 0 {product}
bool EnableContended = true {product}
bool EnableSharedLookupCache = true {product}
bool EnableTracing = false {product}
uintx ErgoHeapSizeLimit = 0 {product}
ccstr ErrorFile = {product}
ccstr ErrorReportServer = {product}
double EscapeAnalysisTimeout = 20.000000 {C2 product}
bool EstimateArgEscape = true {product}
bool ExplicitGCInvokesConcurrent = false {product}
bool ExplicitGCInvokesConcurrentAndUnloadsClasses = false {product}
bool ExtendedDTraceProbes = false {product}
ccstr ExtraSharedClassListFile = {product}
bool FLSAlwaysCoalesceLarge = false {product}
uintx FLSCoalescePolicy = 2 {product}
double FLSLargestBlockCoalesceProximity = 0.990000 {product}
bool FailOverToOldVerifier = true {product}
bool FastTLABRefill = true {product}
intx FenceInstruction = 0 {ARCH product}
intx FieldsAllocationStyle = 1 {product}
bool FilterSpuriousWakeups = true {product}
ccstr FlightRecorderOptions = {product}
bool ForceNUMA = false {product}
bool ForceTimeHighResolution = false {product}
intx FreqInlineSize = 325 {pd product}
double G1ConcMarkStepDurationMillis = 10.000000 {product}
uintx G1ConcRSHotCardLimit = 4 {product}
uintx G1ConcRSLogCacheSize = 10 {product}
intx G1ConcRefinementGreenZone = 0 {product}
intx G1ConcRefinementRedZone = 0 {product}
intx G1ConcRefinementServiceIntervalMillis = 300 {product}
uintx G1ConcRefinementThreads = 0 {product}
intx G1ConcRefinementThresholdStep = 0 {product}
intx G1ConcRefinementYellowZone = 0 {product}
uintx G1ConfidencePercent = 50 {product}
uintx G1HeapRegionSize = 0 {product}
uintx G1HeapWastePercent = 5 {product}
uintx G1MixedGCCountTarget = 8 {product}
intx G1RSetRegionEntries = 0 {product}
uintx G1RSetScanBlockSize = 64 {product}
intx G1RSetSparseRegionEntries = 0 {product}
intx G1RSetUpdatingPauseTimePercent = 10 {product}
intx G1RefProcDrainInterval = 10 {product}
uintx G1ReservePercent = 10 {product}
uintx G1SATBBufferEnqueueingThresholdPercent = 60 {product}
intx G1SATBBufferSize = 1024 {product}
intx G1UpdateBufferSize = 256 {product}
bool G1UseAdaptiveConcRefinement = true {product}
uintx GCDrainStackTargetSize = 64 {product}
uintx GCHeapFreeLimit = 2 {product}
uintx GCLockerEdenExpansionPercent = 5 {product}
bool GCLockerInvokesConcurrent = false {product}
uintx GCLogFileSize = 8192 {product}
uintx GCPauseIntervalMillis = 0 {product}
uintx GCTaskTimeStampEntries = 200 {product}
uintx GCTimeLimit = 98 {product}
uintx GCTimeRatio = 99 {product}
uintx HeapBaseMinAddress = 2147483648 {pd product}
bool HeapDumpAfterFullGC = false {manageable}
bool HeapDumpBeforeFullGC = false {manageable}
bool HeapDumpOnOutOfMemoryError = false {manageable}
ccstr HeapDumpPath = {manageable}
uintx HeapFirstMaximumCompactionCount = 3 {product}
uintx HeapMaximumCompactionInterval = 20 {product}
uintx HeapSizePerGCThread = 87241520 {product}
bool IgnoreEmptyClassPaths = false {product}
bool IgnoreUnrecognizedVMOptions = false {product}
uintx IncreaseFirstTierCompileThresholdAt = 50 {product}
bool IncrementalInline = true {C2 product}
uintx InitialBootClassLoaderMetaspaceSize = 4194304 {product}
uintx InitialCodeCacheSize = 2555904 {pd product}
uintx InitialHeapSize := 134217728 {product}
uintx InitialRAMFraction = 64 {product}
uintx InitialSurvivorRatio = 8 {product}
uintx InitialTenuringThreshold = 7 {product}
uintx InitiatingHeapOccupancyPercent = 45 {product}
bool Inline = true {product}
ccstr InlineDataFile = {product}
intx InlineSmallCode = 2000 {pd product}
bool InlineSynchronizedMethods = true {C1 product}
bool InsertMemBarAfterArraycopy = true {C2 product}
intx InteriorEntryAlignment = 16 {C2 pd product}
intx InterpreterProfilePercentage = 33 {product}
bool JNIDetachReleasesMonitors = true {product}
bool JavaMonitorsInStackTrace = true {product}
intx JavaPriority10_To_OSPriority = -1 {product}
intx JavaPriority1_To_OSPriority = -1 {product}
intx JavaPriority2_To_OSPriority = -1 {product}
intx JavaPriority3_To_OSPriority = -1 {product}
intx JavaPriority4_To_OSPriority = -1 {product}
intx JavaPriority5_To_OSPriority = -1 {product}
intx JavaPriority6_To_OSPriority = -1 {product}
intx JavaPriority7_To_OSPriority = -1 {product}
intx JavaPriority8_To_OSPriority = -1 {product}
intx JavaPriority9_To_OSPriority = -1 {product}
bool LIRFillDelaySlots = false {C1 pd product}
uintx LargePageHeapSizeThreshold = 134217728 {product}
uintx LargePageSizeInBytes = 0 {product}
bool LazyBootClassLoader = true {product}
intx LiveNodeCountInliningCutoff = 40000 {C2 product}
bool LogCommercialFeatures = false {product}
intx LoopMaxUnroll = 16 {C2 product}
intx LoopOptsCount = 43 {C2 product}
intx LoopUnrollLimit = 60 {C2 pd product}
intx LoopUnrollMin = 4 {C2 product}
bool LoopUnswitching = true {C2 product}
bool ManagementServer = false {product}
uintx MarkStackSize = 4194304 {product}
uintx MarkStackSizeMax = 536870912 {product}
uintx MarkSweepAlwaysCompactCount = 4 {product}
uintx MarkSweepDeadRatio = 1 {product}
intx MaxBCEAEstimateLevel = 5 {product}
intx MaxBCEAEstimateSize = 150 {product}
uintx MaxDirectMemorySize = 0 {product}
bool MaxFDLimit = true {product}
uintx MaxGCMinorPauseMillis = 18446744073709551615 {product}
uintx MaxGCPauseMillis = 18446744073709551615 {product}
uintx MaxHeapFreeRatio = 100 {manageable}
uintx MaxHeapSize := 2147483648 {product}
intx MaxInlineLevel = 9 {product}
intx MaxInlineSize = 35 {product}
intx MaxJNILocalCapacity = 65536 {product}
intx MaxJavaStackTraceDepth = 1024 {product}
intx MaxJumpTableSize = 65000 {C2 product}
intx MaxJumpTableSparseness = 5 {C2 product}
intx MaxLabelRootDepth = 1100 {C2 product}
intx MaxLoopPad = 11 {C2 product}
uintx MaxMetaspaceExpansion = 5451776 {product}
uintx MaxMetaspaceFreeRatio = 70 {product}
uintx MaxMetaspaceSize = 18446744073709547520 {product}
uintx MaxNewSize := 715653120 {product}
intx MaxNodeLimit = 75000 {C2 product}
uint64_t MaxRAM = 137438953472 {pd product}
uintx MaxRAMFraction = 4 {product}
intx MaxRecursiveInlineLevel = 1 {product}
uintx MaxTenuringThreshold = 15 {product}
intx MaxTrivialSize = 6 {product}
intx MaxVectorSize = 32 {C2 product}
uintx MetaspaceSize = 21807104 {pd product}
bool MethodFlushing = true {product}
uintx MinHeapDeltaBytes := 524288 {product}
uintx MinHeapFreeRatio = 0 {manageable}
intx MinInliningThreshold = 250 {product}
intx MinJumpTableSize = 10 {C2 pd product}
uintx MinMetaspaceExpansion = 339968 {product}
uintx MinMetaspaceFreeRatio = 40 {product}
uintx MinRAMFraction = 2 {product}
uintx MinSurvivorRatio = 3 {product}
uintx MinTLABSize = 2048 {product}
intx MonitorBound = 0 {product}
bool MonitorInUseLists = false {product}
intx MultiArrayExpandLimit = 6 {C2 product}
bool MustCallLoadClassInternal = false {product}
uintx NUMAChunkResizeWeight = 20 {product}
uintx NUMAInterleaveGranularity = 2097152 {product}
uintx NUMAPageScanRate = 256 {product}
uintx NUMASpaceResizeRate = 1073741824 {product}
bool NUMAStats = false {product}
ccstr NativeMemoryTracking = off {product}
bool NeedsDeoptSuspend = false {pd product}
bool NeverActAsServerClassMachine = false {pd product}
bool NeverTenure = false {product}
uintx NewRatio = 2 {product}
uintx NewSize := 44564480 {product}
uintx NewSizeThreadIncrease = 5320 {pd product}
intx NmethodSweepActivity = 10 {product}
intx NmethodSweepCheckInterval = 5 {product}
intx NmethodSweepFraction = 16 {product}
intx NodeLimitFudgeFactor = 2000 {C2 product}
uintx NumberOfGCLogFiles = 0 {product}
intx NumberOfLoopInstrToAlign = 4 {C2 product}
intx ObjectAlignmentInBytes = 8 {lp64_product}
uintx OldPLABSize = 1024 {product}
uintx OldPLABWeight = 50 {product}
uintx OldSize := 89653248 {product}
bool OmitStackTraceInFastThrow = true {product}
ccstrlist OnError = {product}
ccstrlist OnOutOfMemoryError = {product}
intx OnStackReplacePercentage = 140 {pd product}
bool OptimizeFill = true {C2 product}
bool OptimizePtrCompare = true {C2 product}
bool OptimizeStringConcat = true {C2 product}
bool OptoBundling = false {C2 pd product}
intx OptoLoopAlignment = 16 {pd product}
bool OptoScheduling = false {C2 pd product}
uintx PLABWeight = 75 {product}
bool PSChunkLargeArrays = true {product}
intx ParGCArrayScanChunk = 50 {product}
uintx ParGCDesiredObjsFromOverflowList = 20 {product}
bool ParGCTrimOverflow = true {product}
bool ParGCUseLocalOverflow = false {product}
uintx ParallelGCBufferWastePct = 10 {product}
uintx ParallelGCThreads = 4 {product}
bool ParallelGCVerbose = false {product}
uintx ParallelOldDeadWoodLimiterMean = 50 {product}
uintx ParallelOldDeadWoodLimiterStdDev = 80 {product}
bool ParallelRefProcBalancingEnabled = true {product}
bool ParallelRefProcEnabled = false {product}
bool PartialPeelAtUnsignedTests = true {C2 product}
bool PartialPeelLoop = true {C2 product}
intx PartialPeelNewPhiDelta = 0 {C2 product}
uintx PausePadding = 1 {product}
intx PerBytecodeRecompilationCutoff = 200 {product}
intx PerBytecodeTrapLimit = 4 {product}
intx PerMethodRecompilationCutoff = 400 {product}
intx PerMethodTrapLimit = 100 {product}
bool PerfAllowAtExitRegistration = false {product}
bool PerfBypassFileSystemCheck = false {product}
intx PerfDataMemorySize = 32768 {product}
intx PerfDataSamplingInterval = 50 {product}
ccstr PerfDataSaveFile = {product}
bool PerfDataSaveToFile = false {product}
bool PerfDisableSharedMem = false {product}
intx PerfMaxStringConstLength = 1024 {product}
intx PreInflateSpin = 10 {pd product}
bool PreferInterpreterNativeStubs = false {pd product}
intx PrefetchCopyIntervalInBytes = 576 {product}
intx PrefetchFieldsAhead = 1 {product}
intx PrefetchScanIntervalInBytes = 576 {product}
bool PreserveAllAnnotations = false {product}
bool PreserveFramePointer = false {pd product}
uintx PretenureSizeThreshold = 0 {product}
bool PrintAdaptiveSizePolicy = false {product}
bool PrintCMSInitiationStatistics = false {product}
intx PrintCMSStatistics = 0 {product}
bool PrintClassHistogram = false {manageable}
bool PrintClassHistogramAfterFullGC = false {manageable}
bool PrintClassHistogramBeforeFullGC = false {manageable}
bool PrintCodeCache = false {product}
bool PrintCodeCacheOnCompilation = false {product}
bool PrintCommandLineFlags = false {product}
bool PrintCompilation = false {product}
bool PrintConcurrentLocks = false {manageable}
intx PrintFLSCensus = 0 {product}
intx PrintFLSStatistics = 0 {product}
bool PrintFlagsFinal := true {product}
bool PrintFlagsInitial = false {product}
bool PrintGC = false {manageable}
bool PrintGCApplicationConcurrentTime = false {product}
bool PrintGCApplicationStoppedTime = false {product}
bool PrintGCCause = true {product}
bool PrintGCDateStamps = false {manageable}
bool PrintGCDetails = false {manageable}
bool PrintGCID = false {manageable}
bool PrintGCTaskTimeStamps = false {product}
bool PrintGCTimeStamps = false {manageable}
bool PrintHeapAtGC = false {product rw}
bool PrintHeapAtGCExtended = false {product rw}
bool PrintHeapAtSIGBREAK = true {product}
bool PrintJNIGCStalls = false {product}
bool PrintJNIResolving = false {product}
bool PrintOldPLAB = false {product}
bool PrintOopAddress = false {product}
bool PrintPLAB = false {product}
bool PrintParallelOldGCPhaseTimes = false {product}
bool PrintPromotionFailure = false {product}
bool PrintReferenceGC = false {product}
bool PrintSafepointStatistics = false {product}
intx PrintSafepointStatisticsCount = 300 {product}
intx PrintSafepointStatisticsTimeout = -1 {product}
bool PrintSharedArchiveAndExit = false {product}
bool PrintSharedDictionary = false {product}
bool PrintSharedSpaces = false {product}
bool PrintStringDeduplicationStatistics = false {product}
bool PrintStringTableStatistics = false {product}
bool PrintTLAB = false {product}
bool PrintTenuringDistribution = false {product}
bool PrintTieredEvents = false {product}
bool PrintVMOptions = false {product}
bool PrintVMQWaitTime = false {product}
bool PrintWarnings = true {product}
uintx ProcessDistributionStride = 4 {product}
bool ProfileInterpreter = true {pd product}
bool ProfileIntervals = false {product}
intx ProfileIntervalsTicks = 100 {product}
intx ProfileMaturityPercentage = 20 {product}
bool ProfileVM = false {product}
bool ProfilerPrintByteCodeStatistics = false {product}
bool ProfilerRecordPC = false {product}
uintx PromotedPadding = 3 {product}
uintx QueuedAllocationWarningCount = 0 {product}
uintx RTMRetryCount = 5 {ARCH product}
bool RangeCheckElimination = true {product}
intx ReadPrefetchInstr = 0 {ARCH product}
bool ReassociateInvariants = true {C2 product}
bool ReduceBulkZeroing = true {C2 product}
bool ReduceFieldZeroing = true {C2 product}
bool ReduceInitialCardMarks = true {C2 product}
bool ReduceSignalUsage = false {product}
intx RefDiscoveryPolicy = 0 {product}
bool ReflectionWrapResolutionErrors = true {product}
bool RegisterFinalizersAtInit = true {product}
bool RelaxAccessControlCheck = false {product}
ccstr ReplayDataFile = {product}
bool RequireSharedSpaces = false {product}
uintx ReservedCodeCacheSize = 251658240 {pd product}
bool ResizeOldPLAB = true {product}
bool ResizePLAB = true {product}
bool ResizeTLAB = true {pd product}
bool RestoreMXCSROnJNICalls = false {product}
bool RestrictContended = true {product}
bool RewriteBytecodes = true {pd product}
bool RewriteFrequentPairs = true {pd product}
intx SafepointPollOffset = 256 {C1 pd product}
intx SafepointSpinBeforeYield = 2000 {product}
bool SafepointTimeout = false {product}
intx SafepointTimeoutDelay = 10000 {product}
bool ScavengeBeforeFullGC = true {product}
intx SelfDestructTimer = 0 {product}
uintx SharedBaseAddress = 34359738368 {product}
ccstr SharedClassListFile = {product}
uintx SharedMiscCodeSize = 122880 {product}
uintx SharedMiscDataSize = 4194304 {product}
uintx SharedReadOnlySize = 16777216 {product}
uintx SharedReadWriteSize = 16777216 {product}
bool ShowMessageBoxOnError = false {product}
intx SoftRefLRUPolicyMSPerMB = 1000 {product}
bool SpecialEncodeISOArray = true {C2 product}
bool SplitIfBlocks = true {C2 product}
intx StackRedPages = 1 {pd product}
intx StackShadowPages = 20 {pd product}
bool StackTraceInThrowable = true {product}
intx StackYellowPages = 2 {pd product}
bool StartAttachListener = false {product}
intx StarvationMonitorInterval = 200 {product}
bool StressLdcRewrite = false {product}
uintx StringDeduplicationAgeThreshold = 3 {product}
uintx StringTableSize = 60013 {product}
bool SuppressFatalErrorMessage = false {product}
uintx SurvivorPadding = 3 {product}
uintx SurvivorRatio = 8 {product}
intx SuspendRetryCount = 50 {product}
intx SuspendRetryDelay = 5 {product}
intx SyncFlags = 0 {product}
ccstr SyncKnobs = {product}
intx SyncVerbose = 0 {product}
uintx TLABAllocationWeight = 35 {product}
uintx TLABRefillWasteFraction = 64 {product}
uintx TLABSize = 0 {product}
bool TLABStats = true {product}
uintx TLABWasteIncrement = 4 {product}
uintx TLABWasteTargetPercent = 1 {product}
uintx TargetPLABWastePct = 10 {product}
uintx TargetSurvivorRatio = 50 {product}
uintx TenuredGenerationSizeIncrement = 20 {product}
uintx TenuredGenerationSizeSupplement = 80 {product}
uintx TenuredGenerationSizeSupplementDecay = 2 {product}
intx ThreadPriorityPolicy = 0 {product}
bool ThreadPriorityVerbose = false {product}
uintx ThreadSafetyMargin = 52428800 {product}
intx ThreadStackSize = 1024 {pd product}
uintx ThresholdTolerance = 10 {product}
intx Tier0BackedgeNotifyFreqLog = 10 {product}
intx Tier0InvokeNotifyFreqLog = 7 {product}
intx Tier0ProfilingStartPercentage = 200 {product}
intx Tier23InlineeNotifyFreqLog = 20 {product}
intx Tier2BackEdgeThreshold = 0 {product}
intx Tier2BackedgeNotifyFreqLog = 14 {product}
intx Tier2CompileThreshold = 0 {product}
intx Tier2InvokeNotifyFreqLog = 11 {product}
intx Tier3BackEdgeThreshold = 60000 {product}
intx Tier3BackedgeNotifyFreqLog = 13 {product}
intx Tier3CompileThreshold = 2000 {product}
intx Tier3DelayOff = 2 {product}
intx Tier3DelayOn = 5 {product}
intx Tier3InvocationThreshold = 200 {product}
intx Tier3InvokeNotifyFreqLog = 10 {product}
intx Tier3LoadFeedback = 5 {product}
intx Tier3MinInvocationThreshold = 100 {product}
intx Tier4BackEdgeThreshold = 40000 {product}
intx Tier4CompileThreshold = 15000 {product}
intx Tier4InvocationThreshold = 5000 {product}
intx Tier4LoadFeedback = 3 {product}
intx Tier4MinInvocationThreshold = 600 {product}
bool TieredCompilation = true {pd product}
intx TieredCompileTaskTimeout = 50 {product}
intx TieredRateUpdateMaxTime = 25 {product}
intx TieredRateUpdateMinTime = 1 {product}
intx TieredStopAtLevel = 4 {product}
bool TimeLinearScan = false {C1 product}
bool TraceBiasedLocking = false {product}
bool TraceClassLoading = false {product rw}
bool TraceClassLoadingPreorder = false {product}
bool TraceClassPaths = false {product}
bool TraceClassResolution = false {product}
bool TraceClassUnloading = false {product rw}
bool TraceDynamicGCThreads = false {product}
bool TraceGen0Time = false {product}
bool TraceGen1Time = false {product}
ccstr TraceJVMTI = {product}
bool TraceLoaderConstraints = false {product rw}
bool TraceMetadataHumongousAllocation = false {product}
bool TraceMonitorInflation = false {product}
bool TraceParallelOldGCTasks = false {product}
intx TraceRedefineClasses = 0 {product}
bool TraceSafepointCleanupTime = false {product}
bool TraceSharedLookupCache = false {product}
bool TraceSuspendWaitFailures = false {product}
intx TrackedInitializationLimit = 50 {C2 product}
bool TransmitErrorReport = false {product}
bool TrapBasedNullChecks = false {pd product}
bool TrapBasedRangeChecks = false {C2 pd product}
intx TypeProfileArgsLimit = 2 {product}
uintx TypeProfileLevel = 111 {pd product}
intx TypeProfileMajorReceiverPercent = 90 {C2 product}
intx TypeProfileParmsLimit = 2 {product}
intx TypeProfileWidth = 2 {product}
intx UnguardOnExecutionViolation = 0 {product}
bool UnlinkSymbolsALot = false {product}
bool Use486InstrsOnly = false {ARCH product}
bool UseAES = true {product}
bool UseAESIntrinsics = true {product}
intx UseAVX = 1 {ARCH product}
bool UseAdaptiveGCBoundary = false {product}
bool UseAdaptiveGenerationSizePolicyAtMajorCollection = true {product}
bool UseAdaptiveGenerationSizePolicyAtMinorCollection = true {product}
bool UseAdaptiveNUMAChunkSizing = true {product}
bool UseAdaptiveSizeDecayMajorGCCost = true {product}
bool UseAdaptiveSizePolicy = true {product}
bool UseAdaptiveSizePolicyFootprintGoal = true {product}
bool UseAdaptiveSizePolicyWithSystemGC = false {product}
bool UseAddressNop = true {ARCH product}
bool UseAltSigs = false {product}
bool UseAutoGCSelectPolicy = false {product}
bool UseBMI1Instructions = false {ARCH product}
bool UseBMI2Instructions = false {ARCH product}
bool UseBiasedLocking = true {product}
bool UseBimorphicInlining = true {C2 product}
bool UseBoundThreads = true {product}
bool UseBsdPosixThreadCPUClocks = true {product}
bool UseCLMUL = true {ARCH product}
bool UseCMSBestFit = true {product}
bool UseCMSCollectionPassing = true {product}
bool UseCMSCompactAtFullCollection = true {product}
bool UseCMSInitiatingOccupancyOnly = false {product}
bool UseCRC32Intrinsics = true {product}
bool UseCodeCacheFlushing = true {product}
bool UseCompiler = true {product}
bool UseCompilerSafepoints = true {product}
bool UseCompressedClassPointers := true {lp64_product}
bool UseCompressedOops := true {lp64_product}
bool UseConcMarkSweepGC = false {product}
bool UseCondCardMark = false {C2 product}
bool UseCountLeadingZerosInstruction = false {ARCH product}
bool UseCountTrailingZerosInstruction = false {ARCH product}
bool UseCounterDecay = true {product}
bool UseDivMod = true {C2 product}
bool UseDynamicNumberOfGCThreads = false {product}
bool UseFPUForSpilling = true {C2 product}
bool UseFastAccessorMethods = false {product}
bool UseFastEmptyMethods = false {product}
bool UseFastJNIAccessors = true {product}
bool UseFastStosb = true {ARCH product}
bool UseG1GC = false {product}
bool UseGCLogFileRotation = false {product}
bool UseGCOverheadLimit = true {product}
bool UseGCTaskAffinity = false {product}
bool UseHeavyMonitors = false {product}
bool UseHugeTLBFS = false {product}
bool UseInlineCaches = true {product}
bool UseInterpreter = true {product}
bool UseJumpTables = true {C2 product}
bool UseLWPSynchronization = true {product}
bool UseLargePages = false {pd product}
bool UseLargePagesInMetaspace = false {product}
bool UseLargePagesIndividualAllocation = false {pd product}
bool UseLockedTracing = false {product}
bool UseLoopCounter = true {product}
bool UseLoopInvariantCodeMotion = true {C1 product}
bool UseLoopPredicate = true {C2 product}
bool UseMathExactIntrinsics = true {C2 product}
bool UseMaximumCompactionOnSystemGC = true {product}
bool UseMembar = true {pd product}
bool UseMultiplyToLenIntrinsic = true {C2 product}
bool UseNUMA = false {product}
bool UseNUMAInterleaving = false {product}
bool UseNewLongLShift = false {ARCH product}
bool UseOSErrorReporting = false {pd product}
bool UseOldInlining = true {C2 product}
bool UseOnStackReplacement = true {pd product}
bool UseOnlyInlinedBimorphic = true {C2 product}
bool UseOprofile = false {product}
bool UseOptoBiasInlining = true {C2 product}
bool UsePSAdaptiveSurvivorSizePolicy = true {product}
bool UseParNewGC = false {product}
bool UseParallelGC := true {product}
bool UseParallelOldGC = true {product}
bool UsePerfData = true {product}
bool UsePopCountInstruction = true {product}
bool UseRDPCForConstantTableBase = false {C2 product}
bool UseRTMDeopt = false {ARCH product}
bool UseRTMLocking = false {ARCH product}
bool UseSHA = false {product}
bool UseSHA1Intrinsics = false {product}
bool UseSHA256Intrinsics = false {product}
bool UseSHA512Intrinsics = false {product}
bool UseSHM = false {product}
intx UseSSE = 4 {product}
bool UseSSE42Intrinsics = true {product}
bool UseSerialGC = false {product}
bool UseSharedSpaces = false {product}
bool UseSignalChaining = true {product}
bool UseStoreImmI16 = false {ARCH product}
bool UseStringDeduplication = false {product}
bool UseSuperWord = true {C2 product}
bool UseTLAB = true {pd product}
bool UseThreadPriorities = true {pd product}
bool UseTypeProfile = true {product}
bool UseTypeSpeculation = true {C2 product}
bool UseUnalignedLoadStores = true {ARCH product}
bool UseVMInterruptibleIO = false {product}
bool UseXMMForArrayCopy = true {product}
bool UseXmmI2D = false {ARCH product}
bool UseXmmI2F = false {ARCH product}
bool UseXmmLoadAndClearUpper = true {ARCH product}
bool UseXmmRegToRegMoveAll = true {ARCH product}
bool VMThreadHintNoPreempt = false {product}
intx VMThreadPriority = -1 {product}
intx VMThreadStackSize = 1024 {pd product}
intx ValueMapInitialSize = 11 {C1 product}
intx ValueMapMaxLoopSize = 8 {C1 product}
intx ValueSearchLimit = 1000 {C2 product}
bool VerifyMergedCPBytecodes = true {product}
bool VerifySharedSpaces = false {product}
intx WorkAroundNPTLTimedWaitHang = 1 {product}
uintx YoungGenerationSizeIncrement = 20 {product}
uintx YoungGenerationSizeSupplement = 80 {product}
uintx YoungGenerationSizeSupplementDecay = 8 {product}
uintx YoungPLABSize = 4096 {product}
bool ZeroTLAB = false {product}
intx hashCode = 5 {product}
java version "1.8.0_66"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_66-b17)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.66-b17, mixed mode)

-XX:+PrintCommandLineFlags这个参数让JVM打印出那些已经被用户或者JVM设置过的详细的XX参数的名称和值。

它列举出-XX:+PrintFlagsFinal的结果中第三列有:=的参数。以这种方式,我们可以用-XX:+PrintCommandLineFlags作为快捷方式来查看修改过的参数。

java -XX:+PrintCommandLineFlags -version
-XX:InitialHeapSize=134217728 -XX:MaxHeapSize=2147483648 -XX:+PrintCommandLineFlags -XX:+UseCompressedClassPointers -XX:+UseCompressedOops -XX:+UseParallelGC
java version "1.8.0_66"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_66-b17)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.66-b17, mixed mode)

输出如上,JVM堆的初始值为系统内存的1/64,最大值为系统内存的1/4

JDK11 默认使用G1垃圾回收算法

/usr/lib/jvm/jdk-11.0.1/bin/java -XX:+PrintCommandLineFlags -version
-XX:G1ConcRefinementThreads=4 -XX:GCDrainStackTargetSize=64 -XX:InitialHeapSize=261987008 -XX:MaxHeapSize=4191792128 -XX:+PrintCommandLineFlags -XX:ReservedCodeCacheSize=251658240 -XX:+SegmentedCodeCache -XX:+UseCompressedClassPointers -XX:+UseCompressedOops -XX:+UseG1GC
java version "11.0.1" 2018-10-16 LTS
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment 18.9 (build 11.0.1+13-LTS)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM 18.9 (build 11.0.1+13-LTS, mixed mode)

Java 垃圾回收器常用的命令行选项

对于采用<size>参数的选项,在数字后面加上kK来表示千字节,加上mM来表示兆字节,或者加上gG来表示千兆字节。对于采用<percentage>参数的选项,使用从01的数字,例如,50%0.5

  1. -Xmn:将新区域的初始和最大大小设置为指定的值。
  2. -Xmns:将新区域的初始大小设置为指定的值。
  3. -Xmnx:将新区域的最大大小设置为指定的值。
  4. -Xms:设置初始Java堆大小。
  5. -Xmx:设置应用程序的最大内存大小(-Xmx >= -Xms)。

References

  1. JVM实用参数
  2. 垃圾回收器命令行选项
  3. HotSpot VM的各参数的陷阱